Don’t build a start-up, become a systems entrepreneur

560px-Morne_Seychellois_NP_footpath“Make sure you start the year on the right foot…”

…my grandmother always used to remind me. Given that I work at what is externally referred to as one of Canada’s main entrepreneurship centres (though I much prefer describing MaRS as an innovation hub), starting the year by writing a piece on why you should NOT build a startup probably wouldn’t meet her standard. But you have to put your job on the line at least once a year to make the ride worthwhile, right?

Whenever I am trying to solve a problem, whether it’s in my personal life, at work (first in management consulting and now in innovation) or in my relationships (where I get a lot of slack for treating problems like projects), I generally go through a three-stage process:

The why

How is success defined? How should it be defined? What is the North Star or goal post we’re going after?

The how

What are the options? What pathways can we imagine to get us there? Which one(s) should be chosen?

The what

Where do we start? What’s the first step? How do we track progress and learn?

There is also a big “who” question that runs through all three stages, but we will leave that for another time. For now, let’s consider the challenge proposed in the title of this article through these questions.

(Re)defining success: Why people build startups

When I consider the wide range of underlying motivations for why people decide to build startups, they generally fall into one of the following (non-comprehensive) categories:

  • Necessity: “This is my best chance at providing the basics of life for me and/or my family.”

If this is the case for you, you should absolutely take what you believe to be the best path forward. Nobody else understands your specific context better than you do. Just make sure that you understand the realities of the startup life and the risks associated with it, and also be sure to get access to the fast-growing range of public resources that can help support you along the way.

  • Achievement: “I am going to do this so that I can have more money/power/freedom/excitement/etc.”

While I have my own opinions about why these are the wrong settings on a personal compass, fortunately I can just defer to Phil Libin, CEO of Evernote, who explains why you shouldn’t build a startup if these are your goals.

  • Impact: “I want to change or create a positive impact in the world!”

I’m lucky enough to meet a lot of people for whom impact is a primary motivation. Listening to them express their motivations makes my heart both melt and ache every time. It makes my heart melt because these are absolutely the kind of people we need much more of—those who seek meaning, are driven by purpose, and have a vision for the future. On the other hand, it makes my heart ache because I see so much of their amazing potential go to waste (or, at best, not go very far). This is due in part to their choosing the wrong “how,” even though they have the right “why” as their starting point.

Mission Big Change: Why building a startup isn’t the best path

Of those in that final category, almost everyone I speak to genuinely wants to create real, meaningful, positive, long-lasting, sustainable change—what we will call ‘big change.’

The next question is whether building a startup is the best way to get there (most people default to this option and only ask how to build the best startup.)

To answer that question, we can compare the most significant conditions necessary for big change with the most common pieces of advice given to the founders of new startups. As we can see in the chart below, for every one of the five key conditions, the common advice for startups is the exact opposite:

Screen Shot 2015-01-21 at 4.43.19 PM

A whole article could be written analyzing each condition and piece of advice, their respective underlying logic and their stark contrast, but we will leave that to another time. For now, I will just share a quote from Nicholas Negroponte of MIT Media Lab and One Laptop Per Child fame (who has, with freakish accuracy, predicted the future over the last several decades), from his interview with Stewart Brand of The Long Now Foundation:

“Startup businesses are sucking people out of big thinking. So many minds that used to think big are now thinking small because their VCs tell them to ‘focus’…they’re doing these startups and their venture funding tells them focus, focus and become cash-flow positive—which is a really stupid idea in a startup…keep the risk high, don’t become cash-flow positive.”

To be abundantly clear, no part of this is a criticism of entrepreneurial thinking or entrepreneurial spirit—both of which I love, with the former featuring prominently in our curriculum (led by our amazing faculty member Assaf Weisz) and the latter being a big part of our culture at Studio Y. Both are necessary ingredients to becoming a truly successful systems entrepreneur. The issue is that these really powerful, bold ideas and concepts have been corrupted in the way in which we’ve built our dominant startup ecosystems.

“But what about Elon Musk?” is an unavoidable counter to the arguments outlined above. Elon Musk, in this case, is exactly the exception that proves the rule. He thinks big, he gives away his intellectual property and he takes on big societal challenges that matter to our future. In fact, the fact that Elon Musk is celebrated for being such an outlier in how he goes about working on his ventures is what should concern us most.

Another great (and Toronto-based) example is Aled Edwards, director and CEO of the Structural Genomics Consortium, who has championed the view that drug discovery advances would be made more rapidly within an open access research environment in which no patents are filed, and materials and ideas are exchanged without restriction on use.

C/O NASA

C/O NASA

So if not ‘launch a start-up!’ then what?

The road less traveled: The rise of systems entrepreneurs

To make the case for an alternative path, it is important to also consider how big change happens. Two distinguishing factors include adoption and success definition:

Let there be light.  

The fundamental transformations in our world come from large-scale adoption, not from the act of invention. For a number of reasons, including very innate human tendencies, we reward invention significantly more than we do adoption, despite adoption being an absolutely necessary condition for big change. In my research for this piece, I came across Dr. Marc Ventresca, an economic sociologist in strategy and innovation at Saïd Business School, who makes this point in a TEDx talk using a great example. He argues that it is large-scale power-grid systems (each unique to its particular context) that have changed the world, not simply the invention of electricity.

We need to grow.

This is the shared mantra of almost every organization across industries. Even in those organizations focused on growing impact (rather than profits), the problem is that the “we” is the organization; our dominant, if not exclusive, approach to success definition is at the organizational level. Just think about the mind-blowing amount of resources that go into setting up, growing and promoting individual organizations, or about how highly we regard leaders (again, across all sectors) who grow an organization’s budget, size, reach or, in the best case scenario, actual impact.

Yet, what we know to be unequivocally true is that our biggest issues are so complex and interdependent that no single organization or solution can alone achieve the level of fundamental systems change required. One of the biggest issues with the startup model is that it fundamentally defines success as organizational success (and how fast, big and far you can grow it) with zero accountability for system success.

So who, then, are systems entrepreneurs? The concept of systems entrepreneurs is not widely recognized, as can be seen by performing a Google search for  “systems entrepreneur” or “system entrepreneur,” which return 25,000 and 5,000 results respectively, almost all of which are related to information, communication and power systems.

Both Engineers Without Borders and our team at Studio Y have used the term “systems change leaders” as a frame over the past couple of years, in developing the people we work with.

In her paper, “How Actors Change Institutions: Towards a Theory of Institutional Entrepreneurship” (2009),  Julie Battilana, an associate professor at Harvard Business School, suggests that while all systems entrepreneurs are change agents, to be considered a systems entrepreneur, two criteria must be met:

  • First, you must initiate divergent change (something that breaks with the status quo rather than simply improving or enhancing it).
  • Second, you must actively participate in the implementation of these changes, demonstrating an ability to marshal the resources required to implement change (speaking to the adoption point made earlier).

She and her colleagues then describe three sets of activities that systems entrepreneurs undertake:

  • Developing a vision — encompasses activities undertaken to make the case for change, including sharing the vision of the need for change with followers.
  • Mobilizing people — includes activities undertaken to gain others’ support for and acceptance of new routines.
  • Motivating others to achieve and sustain the vision — consists of activities undertaken to institutionalize change.

Note how none of these criteria and activities require building a startup. In fact, the dominant startup model limits one’s ability to truly focus on some of the most important elements of systems entrepreneurship.

More recently, Peter Senge, the author of The Fifth Discipline and a guru in systems thinking and organizational learning, co-authored a piece in the Stanford Social Innovation Review titled: The Dawn of Systems Leadership. In it, the authors offer the following advice for those interested in getting started on a journey of becoming a systems leader/entrepreneur.

  • Learn on the job.
  • Engage people across boundaries.
  • Let go of control.
  • Build your own toolkit.
  • Work with others on a similar journey.

A plea and a pledge

I may not have listened to that piece of advice from my grandmother about how to start a new year, but one thing I learned through her actions (rather than her words) was never to shy away from a healthy debate about the future.

So whatever your vision or passion for the future, consider this a plea to make the pledge to take the road less travelled by way of systems entrepreneurship because, as Robert Frost said, we will look back years from now and know “that has made all the difference.”

For more on systems change roles, thinking, mindsets and initiatives, explore Ecosystems for Systems Change.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Bookmark and Share
About Hamoon Ekhtiari

A lover of all things blueberry and/or avocado, Hamoon Ekhtiari is the director of Studio Y at MaRS, a program that supports exceptional young people in driving positive change in their own lives, in our communities and in the systems we live in. He is also the co-founder of CatalystsX, a social enterprise that has raised over $900,000 to date, and a fellow of the School for Social Entrepreneurs-Ontario. Hamoon joined MaRS from Deloitte, where he most recently helped build the company’s consulting business in the Caribbean. He has also served as an adjunct faculty member at the University of Waterloo and previously worked at Family Services Toronto. Hamoon completed both his undergraduate and graduate degrees at the University of Waterloo, and was recently recognized with an Alumni Achievement Award from the school. Twitter: @HamoonPraxis.

Comments

  1. Great theory, Hamoon. Check out Peter Diamandis’ upcoming book ‘Bold’, about entrepreneurship that veers more to the big change side of your chart, and challenges people to work on things that will impact the history of our species. Even still, entrepreneurship is one of several ways to make lasting impact.

  2. Thanks for the comment, Dan!

    I was actually listening to this talk by Peter over the weekend: http://wbf.wobi.com/Peter-Diamandis – you make a very good point and I’ll be sure to check the book out as well.

    Excited to be joining you in Windsor soon!

    -H.

  3. Nice blog here! Also your website loads up fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  4. Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your website is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you?¦ve on this site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What an ideal web-site.

  5. It’s laborious to search out knowledgeable folks on this subject, however you sound like you recognize what you’re speaking about! Thanks

  6. white cardboard boxes with lids for gifts

  7. Im now not certain the place you are getting your info, however great topic. I must spend a while learning more or understanding more. Thanks for wonderful info I was searching for this info for my mission.

  8. I like this post, enjoyed this one regards for putting up. “To the dull mind all nature is leaden. To the illumined mind the whole world sparkles with light.” by Ralph Waldo Emerson.

  9. Great post, you have pointed out some superb points, I besides conceive this s a very fantastic website.

  10. I have to show appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of such a circumstance. As a result of scouting through the search engines and finding views which were not beneficial, I assumed my entire life was well over. Existing without the answers to the problems you’ve resolved all through the review is a serious case, and ones that could have negatively affected my career if I had not encountered the website. Your good understanding and kindness in touching all the pieces was useful. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a subject like this. It’s possible to at this moment relish my future. Thanks a lot very much for your high quality and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest the website to any individual who wants and needs assistance on this situation.

  11. Thanks for some other fantastic article. Where else could anybody get that kind of information in such an ideal manner of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the search for such information.

  12. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn something like this before. So good to seek out someone with some unique thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this website is something that is wanted on the web, someone with a bit of originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

  13. It’s really a nice and useful piece of info. I’m glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  14. A person essentially lend a hand to make critically articles I’d state. That is the very first time I frequented your website page and up to now? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual publish incredible. Excellent job!

  15. Pretty element of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to say that I get actually loved account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing in your feeds or even I achievement you get right of entry to constantly fast.

  16. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this website. Reading this information So i am happy to convey that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to do not forget this site and give it a look on a constant basis.

  17. A large percentage of of the things you mention is astonishingly precise and it makes me wonder the reason why I had not looked at this in this light before. This particular article truly did switch the light on for me personally as far as this particular subject matter goes. However there is just one point I am not necessarily too comfortable with so whilst I attempt to reconcile that with the actual main idea of the issue, permit me observe exactly what all the rest of your readers have to say.Well done.

  18. Good – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task.

  19. I discovered your blog site on google and check a few of your early posts. Continue to keep up the very good operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking forward to reading more from you later on!…

  20. Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog article or vice-versa? My website discusses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I think we could greatly benefit from each other. If you’re interested feel free to send me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Fantastic blog by the way!

  21. Hi! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when browsing from my iphone. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. With thanks!

  22. Some genuinely nice and useful information on this web site, besides I conceive the style and design has got fantastic features.

  23. how long does 15 ml cbd oil last

  24. You can definitely see your skills in the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  25. It’s actually a cool and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  26. I just couldn’t depart your site prior to suggesting that I extremely enjoyed the standard info a person provide for your visitors? Is gonna be back often to check up on new posts

  27. Thank you for sharing with us, I believe this website genuinely stands out : D.

  28. Hello there, simply changed into alert to your weblog through Google, and found that it is really informative. I am going to be careful for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you proceed this in future. Lots of folks can be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!

  29. Some really great information, Sword lily I noticed this. “Men in no way approach so nearly to the gods as in doing good to men.” by Marcus Tullius Cicero.

  30. As I website owner I think the subject material here is really superb, appreciate it for your efforts.

  31. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  32. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are amazing! Thanks!

  33. Hello are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  34. Its fantastic as your other articles : D, thankyou for posting.

  35. Hello. magnificent job. I did not expect this. This is a splendid story. Thanks!

  36. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Keep up the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my website :).

  37. This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your website in my social networks!

  38. What i don’t understood is actually how you’re not really much more well-liked than you may be now. You are very intelligent. You realize thus significantly relating to this subject, produced me personally consider it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs nice. Always maintain it up!

  39. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I?¦ll try and check back more often. How frequently you update your website?

  40. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is needed to get set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100 positive. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

  41. bagus kita sangat rutin memainkan game ini

  42. Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself spending way to much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

  43. I do enjoy the manner in which you have presented this concern and it does present us a lot of fodder for thought. However, through everything that I have experienced, I basically hope when the actual feedback pack on that folks keep on point and in no way embark upon a soap box associated with the news of the day. All the same, thank you for this outstanding piece and while I do not necessarily agree with it in totality, I value the point of view.

  44. Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for your provided information.

  45. I have read several good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting. I wonder how much effort you put to make this kind of great informative web site.

  46. I have been browsing on-line more than three hours these days, yet I never discovered any interesting article like yours. It is lovely price sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the net might be much more useful than ever before. “I think that maybe if women and children were in charge we would get somewhere.” by James Grover Thurber.

  47. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with valuable information to work on. You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  48. I love it when people come together and share opinions, great blog, keep it up.

  49. Some really grand work on behalf of the owner of this web site, utterly great content.

  50. It is really a great and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  51. This actually answered my drawback, thank you!

  52. Excellent site. Plenty of useful information here. I¦m sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious. And certainly, thank you in your sweat!

  53. Real nice layout and excellent written content, nothing else we require : D.

  54. An impressive share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing a little bit evaluation on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast as a result of I discovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the deal with! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If potential, as you develop into experience, would you mind updating your weblog with extra particulars? It is highly useful for me. Huge thumb up for this blog publish!

  55. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  56. Hey there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok. I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  57. Rattling nice design and style and wonderful written content, absolutely nothing else we want : D.

  58. You really make it appear really easy along with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be actually something that I believe I’d never understand. It seems too complex and very large for me. I’m having a look ahead on your subsequent submit, I’ll attempt to get the cling of it!

  59. Hey there! I’ve been following your weblog for a long time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx! Just wanted to tell you keep up the fantastic job!

  60. Would you be desirous about exchanging hyperlinks?

  61. Would you be fascinated with exchanging links?

  62. I’m still learning from you, while I’m making my way to the top as well. I certainly love reading everything that is posted on your website.Keep the information coming. I liked it!

  63. Very interesting details you have remarked, appreciate it for putting up. “What the world really needs is more love and less paperwork.” by Pearl Bailey.

  64. I truly appreciate your piece of work, Great post.

  65. It?¦s really a cool and useful piece of information. I am satisfied that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  66. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!

  67. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thanks , I¦ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your web site?

  68. naturally like your website however you have to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to inform the truth nevertheless I will certainly come back again.

  69. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog. You have some really great articles and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Kudos!

  70. Some truly interesting details you have written.Aided me a lot, just what I was searching for : D.

  71. you are truly a excellent webmaster. The web site loading velocity is amazing. It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. Furthermore, The contents are masterwork. you have done a great job on this subject!

  72. naturally like your web site but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I will certainly come back again.

  73. I have been examinating out many of your articles and i must say pretty nice stuff. I will definitely bookmark your site.

  74. Good blog! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  75. Thanks , I’ve recently been searching for information about this subject for ages and yours is the greatest I have discovered so far. But, what concerning the bottom line? Are you certain about the supply?

  76. Good – I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  77. You could certainly see your expertise in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  78. Outstanding post, I conceive people should larn a lot from this blog its real user friendly.

  79. I have recently started a site, the info you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work. “The very ink with which history is written is merely fluid prejudice.” by Mark Twain.

  80. cool site. Cheers for posting.

  81. Great blog. Cheers for showing us.

  82. Great site. Thanks for posting.

  83. Really good site,thank so much for your time in writing the posts.

  84. As a Newbie, I am permanently browsing online for articles that can be of assistance to me. Thank you

  85. Thanks for your article, really useful!

  86. All is good, nice content and so helpfull

  87. IDN Poker is the one of the best online poker app for mobile seluler in Asia.

  88. Xisbet is also an agent for more than 168 of the best slot games such as spadegaming, habanero, microgaming and pragmatic play and many more

  89. I have recommended site for you knows about sports betting on my website https://sites.google.com/view/bola88-link-alternatif

  90. Thanks for the good article

  91. Have you ever heard of second life (sl for short). It is basically a game where you can do anything you want. sl is literally my second life (pun intended lol). If you want to see more you can see these Second Life websites and blogs

  92. Mudah bukan ??, Demikianlah panduan CARA daftar sbobet dengan mudah dan cepat persembahan dari MERDEKABET Agen SBOBET Terpercaya.

  93. I got good info from your blog

  94. Thanks for any other wonderful post. The place else may anyone get that kind of information in such a perfect approach of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the search for such info.

  95. I really like your writing style, superb info, appreciate it for posting :D. “Freedom is the emancipation from the arbitrary rule of other men.” by Mortimer Adler.

  96. Hey there! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

  97. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and internet and this is really frustrating. A good website with exciting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  98. I’ve been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  99. Good day! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on. You have done a marvellous job!

  100. It’s actually a nice and helpful piece of info. I’m glad that you shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  101. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  102. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was good. I do not know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  103. Simply wanna remark on few general things, The website design and style is perfect, the content is rattling excellent : D.

  104. Your style is so unique compared to many other people. Thank you for publishing when you have the opportunity,Guess I will just make this bookmarked.2

  105. This blog is definitely rather handy since I’m at the moment creating an internet floral website – although I am only starting out therefore it’s really fairly small, nothing like this site. Can link to a few of the posts here as they are quite. Thanks much. Zoey Olsen

  106. Those are yours alright! . We at least need to get these people stealing images to start blogging! They probably just did a image search and grabbed them. They look good though!

  107. Download Free Porn Video Downloads, Watch HD Porn Movie Online,4K Porn Available Download Here

  108. It is actually a great and helpful piece of info. I am happy that you just shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  109. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of house . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this site. Studying this info So i?¦m glad to show that I have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don?¦t omit this web site and give it a look on a constant basis.

  110. I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your website. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more enjoyable for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Fantastic work!

  111. I am not sure where you are getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  112. you are truly a just right webmaster. The site loading pace is amazing. It kind of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. Also, The contents are masterpiece. you have done a wonderful task on this matter!

  113. Great post. I am facing a couple of these problems.

  114. It’s the best time to make a few plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this submit and if I may I wish to counsel you some interesting issues or tips. Maybe you could write subsequent articles relating to this article. I desire to learn even more issues approximately it!

  115. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  116. My husband and i felt now lucky that Raymond could round up his research out of the ideas he came across using your web site. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving freely strategies people today may have been making money from. And we also figure out we’ve got you to be grateful to for that. All of the explanations you made, the easy web site menu, the relationships you help instill – it’s most sensational, and it’s really letting our son in addition to us believe that that situation is pleasurable, and that’s extremely important. Thanks for everything!

  117. I will immediately snatch your rss as I can not find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please permit me recognise in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

  118. Howdy very cool site!! Man .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also¡KI am glad to search out numerous useful info here within the post, we want work out extra strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  119. Great write-up, I¡¦m regular visitor of one¡¦s blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  120. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  121. Hi there, I found your site via Google at the same time as looking for a similar subject, your site came up, it appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  122. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  123. You really make it seem really easy with your presentation but I to find this topic to be actually one thing which I think I might by no means understand. It seems too complicated and extremely wide for me. I’m looking ahead for your next put up, I will try to get the hang of it!

  124. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  125. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  126. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  127. I would like to thnkx for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website. I’m hoping the same high-grade website post from you in the upcoming as well. Actually your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own web site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  128. Thanks , I have recently been searching for info about this topic for ages and yours is the best I’ve found out till now. But, what concerning the bottom line? Are you sure about the source?

  129. hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, as I experienced to reload the web site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  130. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What a great site.

  131. magnificent issues altogether, you just received a logo new reader. What may you recommend about your put up that you simply made a few days ago? Any certain?

  132. Wonderful paintings! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my website . Thank you =)

  133. Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  134. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  135. you are actually a good webmaster. The website loading velocity is amazing. It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a excellent process on this subject!

  136. I truly wanted to post a brief comment to be able to thank you for some of the lovely pointers you are sharing at this site. My incredibly long internet search has at the end of the day been honored with excellent facts and techniques to share with my good friends. I ‘d express that most of us site visitors are really lucky to exist in a wonderful site with so many special people with insightful tips and hints. I feel rather blessed to have come across your site and look forward to so many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  137. Hi , I do believe this is an excellent blog. I stumbled upon it on Yahoo , i will come back once again. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and help other people.

  138. I was just looking for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Generally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  139. I¡¦m not positive where you are getting your information, however good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or working out more. Thanks for excellent info I used to be searching for this information for my mission.

  140. Good article and right to the point. I don’t know if this is really the best place to ask but do you folks have any thoughts on where to employ some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

  141. Hello my friend! I want to say that this article is amazing, nice written and include almost all important infos. I would like to look more posts like this .

  142. Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Great. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  143. This was great! I would like you to clean up all this spam though

  144. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all folks you really understand what you’re speaking about! Bookmarked. Please also talk over with my web site =). We may have a link change arrangement between us!

  145. Thank you for any other wonderful post. The place else may anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am at the look for such info.

  146. I truly wanted to post a brief comment to be able to thank you for some of the lovely pointers you are sharing at this site. My incredibly long internet search has at the end of the day been honored with excellent facts and techniques to share with my good friends. I ‘d express that most of us site visitors are really lucky to exist in a wonderful site with so many special people with insightful tips and hints. I feel rather blessed to have come across your site and look forward to so many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  147. hello!,I like your writing very much! percentage we be in contact extra about your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Having a look forward to peer you.

  148. I’m still learning from you, but I’m trying to reach my goals. I absolutely enjoy reading all that is posted on your blog.Keep the stories coming. I liked it!

  149. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  150. Thank you for all your work on this site. Gloria enjoys carrying out investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. All of us hear all about the lively mode you convey vital things through this website and cause response from others about this point then our own child is without a doubt learning a lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one carrying out a powerful job.

  151. Wonderful site. Lots of useful info here. I’m sending it to several pals ans additionally sharing in delicious. And obviously, thanks to your sweat!

  152. I just could not go away your site before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard info a person supply in your guests? Is going to be back continuously to investigate cross-check new posts

  153. What i do not understood is actually how you are not really a lot more well-favored than you may be right now. You are so intelligent. You recognize therefore considerably on the subject of this matter, produced me in my opinion believe it from so many various angles. Its like men and women are not involved until it is one thing to do with Girl gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. At all times maintain it up!

  154. MAYBELLINE NEW YORK VOLUME EXPRESS TURBO BOOTS Mascara ( มาสคาร่า ) : Guaranteed by Maybelline’s No. 1 sales volume because this mascara is formulated by Maybelline for Asian women. specifically It’s a gel mascara. When applied to the lashes, there is no feeling of heavy lashes. Moreover, the properties of the gel texture that help lock the eyelashes curled up to 12 hours, this is the mother mascara of the world’s cosmetics industry. Available in 2 black, brown. https://www.maybelline.co.th/eyes/mascara

  155. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  156. hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this website, as I experienced to reload the web site lots of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your high quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out for a lot more of your respective interesting content. Ensure that you update this again soon..

  157. I¡¦ve recently started a blog, the info you provide on this site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time

  158. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What a great site.

  159. Well I sincerely liked studying it. This tip offered by you is very helpful for good planning.

  160. I do accept as true with all of the ideas you have offered for your post. They are very convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for novices. Could you please prolong them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.

  161. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  162. You are a very clever person!

  163. I think this is one of the most important info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  164. Great write-up, I¡¦m regular visitor of one¡¦s blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  165. Thanks for helping out, wonderful information. “Whoever obeys the gods, to him they particularly listen.” by Homer.

  166. Wonderful paintings! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my website . Thank you =)

  167. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site 🙂

  168. Good web site! I really love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I’m wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  169. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  170. Keep functioning ,remarkable job!

  171. I want to express my appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this type of setting. After looking through the world wide web and getting views that were not beneficial, I assumed my entire life was well over. Existing without the presence of solutions to the difficulties you have solved all through your entire write-up is a crucial case, and ones that might have negatively damaged my entire career if I hadn’t come across your blog. Your own personal mastery and kindness in dealing with all areas was tremendous. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a step like this. I can now look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for this reliable and results-oriented help. I will not hesitate to refer your web site to anyone who requires assistance about this issue.

  172. Thank you for any other wonderful post. The place else may anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am at the look for such info.

  173. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  174. I have been reading out many of your stories and i can state clever stuff. I will definitely bookmark your site.

  175. Thanks for another informative blog. The place else could I get that kind of information written in such a perfect means? I’ve a project that I’m simply now working on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such info.

  176. you are actually a good webmaster. The website loading velocity is amazing. It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you’ve done a excellent process on this subject!

  177. ฉันเข้าใจนี้ถ้าเกิดนอกประเด็นแม้กระนั้นฉันกำลังเริ่มบล็อกของตนเองแล้วก็อยากทราบว่าทั้งสิ้นเป็นอย่างไรจำเป็นต้องตั้งค่า? ฉันมีความรู้สึกว่าการมีบล็อกแบบคุณคงแพงน่าดูฉันไม่ค่อยรู้เรื่องอินเทอร์เน็ตฉะนั้นฉันก็เลยยังไม่มั่นใจ ข้อแนะนำอะไรก็ตามหรือข้อเสนอแนะจะได้รับการเชิดชูเป็นอย่างมาก ขอขอบพระคุณ อนิเมะ

  178. https://meslot.vip/ สมัครวันนี้ ได้รับโบนัส แรกเข้า 100% ในทันที โบนัส 50% สำหรับสมาชิกใหม่ มากับเกมส์ใหม่ปัจจุบัน อัพเดทใหม่เสมอๆ แบบเกมส์ที่เล่นง่าย เล่นได้ทั้งยังในโทรศัพท์มือถือและก็แท็ปเล็ต คอมพิวเตอร์

  179. Thanks for your article, really useful!

  180. SBOBET Indonesia is one of the best gambling site in ASIA, you can play sports betting, live casino

  181. SBOBET Indonesia is one of the best gambling site in ASIA, you can play sports betting, live casino and racing on this site.

  182. SBOID – Situs agen sbobet mobile Indonesia terpercaya untuk daftar judi bola dan live casino. Menyediakan link alterantif login sbobetmobile wap Asia.

  183. Situs agen sbobet mobile Indonesia terpercaya untuk daftar judi bola dan live casino. Menyediakan link alterantif login sbobetmobile wap Asia.

  184. Eyeliner ( อายไลเนอร์ ) pen head The pigment is tightly black. Write really smooth, what is true, no stumbling. Personally, I like that the color is equally clear throughout the line. The line is not broken, not written already. The color is faded. What kind of color disappeared? This stick he can cut at once. Already had the sharp lines that were desirable Do not need to repeat several rounds to waste at all.

    http://www.maybelline.co.th/eyes/eyeliner

  185. Thanks for some other fantastic article. Where else could anybody get that kind of information in such an ideal manner of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, ทางเข้า joker and I am on the search for such information.

  186. L’Oreal Paris Infallible 24H Matte Cover Foundation ( รองพื้น ) SPF 20 The best of oil control foundations. Non-invasive formula from L’Oreal Pareem, matte texture, maximum coverage, long-lasting for 24 hours.
    https://www.loreal-paris.co.th/how-choose-foundation

  187. Thanks for sharing such an Amazing information, I Couldn’t leave without reading your blog.
    I appreciate your quality stuff, that was really so useful and informative blog! pg slot

  188. https://www.joker89.com สมัครเล่นไพ่ ออนไลน์ เว็บคาสิโนไหนดี จีคลับ คาสิโนที่มาแรงที่สุดในปี 2021 ตัวแทนที่ดีที่สุดในไทย

Speak Your Mind

cintia cossio xxx एक्स वीडियो acapulco shore xxx xlxx cekc